Instant Access to State, County and Municipal Records
What are Missouri Criminal Records?
Missouri criminal records are official documents providing details of the criminal activities of arrested and/or convicted individuals in Missouri. Besides arrest and conviction information, these records provide details of pleas, dispositions, and sentences. Missouri criminal records are also known as rap sheets and are prepared by various state and local law enforcement agencies, courts, and detention facilities.
Missouri criminal records must provide the following information:
- Name of the subject including known aliases
- Other personal information such as date of birth, sex, and race
- Subject’s mugshot and fingerprints on file
- Current and previous indictments
- Arrest records including outstanding warrants
- Conviction information
- Post-conviction status
Everyone who has had a run-in with the law enforcement in Missouri will have a criminal record. However, criminal records are only one of several other police records available to public requesters in Missouri. Others include arrest records, arrest warrants, incident reports, and logs of police activities.
Are Missouri Criminal Records Public?
Yes, Missouri Criminal records are public. The Missouri Sunshine Law requires that state and local law enforcement agencies make state public criminal records available to requesters. The Missouri State Highway Patrol is the primary custodian of criminal history documents, although local law enforcement and courts also maintain copies. The Missouri State Highway Patrol allows the public to obtain criminal records online, through the Missouri Automated Criminal History Site (MACHS).
Criminal records, considered public in the United States, are made available through some third-party aggregate sites. Searching with third-party websites is often easier as the information is not limited to geographic record availability. Information found on third-party websites can serve as a jumping off point for parties searching for a specific record or multiple records. Typically, requesters must provide the following information to gain access to these records:
- The record subject’s name, unless the subject is a juvenile.
- The record subjects’ last known location, including cities, counties, and states.
Third-party websites offer these search services, but they are not government sponsored. Availability of records may vary.
How to Obtain Criminal Records in Missouri
State and local law enforcement agencies maintain criminal records in Missouri. The Missouri State Highway Patrol allows the public members to perform a criminal record search for a nominal fee. Individuals looking to obtain a free public criminal record check must use third-party alternatives. This agency provides statewide criminal histories and can also process FBI federal criminal history requests. Local law enforcement agencies like city police departments and county sheriff’s offices may also provide limited criminal records. These include incident and accident reports for events that occurred within their jurisdictions.
For criminal on-demand court records, check the Missouri Courts Casenet portal. It is also possible to find criminal court records by visiting Missouri courts where the cases in question were heard. Clerks of courts also have provisions for providing copies of criminal case documents upon request.
What are Missouri Arrest Records?
Missouri arrest records describe the apprehension and detention of individuals wanted in connection with ongoing investigations and crimes. These official documents are available from law enforcement agencies in the state. While arrest records indicate that apprehended individuals are taken into custody, they do not indicate that these individuals are guilty of crimes of which they were arrested.
Similarly, an arrest record is not proof of indictment. An individual’s arrest record will be included in their criminal record when indicted in a court of law. Lastly, an arrest record is different from a detention or inmate record. Law enforcement officers may arrest persons of interest to bring them in for questioning rather than detain them. A Missouri arrest record provides the following information:
- Alleged crime committed by the arrestee or reason for the arrest
- Arrestee’s identifying data including name, gender, and birth date
- Where and when the arrest took place
- Name of the arresting officer
- Jail where the arrestee was held
- Name of the issuer of the warrant authorizing the arrest
Are Missouri Arrest Records Public?
Yes, Missouri arrest records are public, as the Missouri Sunshine Law requires that local law enforcement agencies make police records available to requesters. To obtain free arrest records in Missouri, parties can use the public access computers at the clerk's office at their local county superior court. An arrest search will bring any arrest records in the court’s database. Interested individuals may contact their local sheriff’s office or police station to request police reports.
What are Missouri Arrest Warrants?
Missouri arrest warrants are court orders providing law enforcement officers with the legal authority to make arrests. When seeking such warrants, police officers, sheriff’s deputies, and district attorneys must approach judges and magistrates and show probable cause. A Missouri arrest warrant carries the signature of the judge or magistrate authorizing it. In Missouri, an arrest warrant contains the following information:
- Full name of the subject of the warrant
- Alleged crimes committed by this individual or probable cause for the arrest
- Date and location where the arrest may occur
- An expiry date that determines the validity of the warrant
- Name and signature of the judge authorizing the warrant
- Date of issue
Missouri law enforcement officers may make arrests without warrants only when they witnessed the crimes informing such arrests or have clear probable cause for doing so. There is no central database where the public can initiate a warrant search in Missouri. The easiest way to carry out an active warrant search is to look for lists of arrest orders that various county sheriff's place on their websites.
What are Missouri Jail and Inmate Records?
Missouri jail and inmate records provide incarceration information for individuals serving time in prison and jail. Jail records are official documents describing aspects of the operations of detention and correctional facilities. Inmate records provide details of individuals held in these facilities, including identifying information.
The Missouri Department of Corrections (MODOC) runs state-operated prisons as well as oversees the operations of community supervision and community release centers. It is also responsible for probation and parole programs. For an inmate search, use the Offender Search tool provided on the MODOC website. For additional information and jail records, contact the Department’s Constituent Services Office by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Missouri does not release inmate’s health care information to the public. Those looking for health and mental health records, as well as sex offender treatment information for specific inmates, must provide notarized and completed Release of Information forms signed by the offenders. Send the form along with inquiry about medical records to:
Missouri Department of Corrections Medical Services Section
Division of Offender Rehabilitative Services
P.O. Box 236
Jefferson City, MO 65102
What is the Missouri Sex Offender Registry?
The Missouri sex offender registry is a database containing the names of registered sex offenders living in the state as well as details of the offenses. While local law enforcement agencies registered sex offenders living in the various counties, cities, and towns of Missouri, the State Highway Patrol maintains the central database of registered sex offenders in Missouri.
Missouri law mandates the State Highway Patrol to make this listing available online to the public. Visit the Sex Offender Registry to search for registered sex offenders living, working, and attending school in Missouri. For more information about an offender listed in the registry, contact the Sheriff’s Office of the county where the offender resides.
What is a DWI in Missouri?
Driving while intoxicated (DWI), also known as drunk driving, is one of the most serious traffic violations that a driver can commit on Missouri roads. Missouri DWI law proffers strict penalties for drivers who operate motor vehicles under the influence of alcohol or drugs, as they put others’ lives at risk.
Missouri law enforcement officials look out for drivers who appear unable to maneuver their vehicles probably and may stop them for a field sobriety test. The police will arrest any driver that has a measured blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.08% or more. For commercial drivers, the limit is 0.04%. In Missouri, first-time DWI offenders will lose their driver’s license for ninety days. Multiple offenders may lose their licenses for 1 - 5 years. The court may also sentence a driver convicted of DWI to jail or impose other penalties.
What are Misdemeanors in Missouri?
In Missouri, misdemeanors are less serious crimes than felonies. They usually involve less serious injuries, properties of lower value, and/or smaller amounts of drugs. There are three misdemeanor classes in Missouri. Class A misdemeanors are the most serious while Class C misdemeanors are the least serious.
- Class A misdemeanors are punishable by up to one year in year, up to $2,000 in fines, or both. Examples of misdemeanors in this class are third-degree domestic assault, shoplifting items valued below $500, and possession of up to 35 grams of marijuana
- Class B misdemeanors are punished by up to 6 months in jail and/or $1,000 in fines. First-degree trespassing and driving while intoxicated are examples of misdemeanors in this class
- Class C misdemeanors are punished by up to 15 days in jail and up to $750 in fines. Illegal gambling, library theft of items valued below $500, and third-degree sexual misconducts are misdemeanors in this category
What are Felonies in Missouri?
Missouri classifies crimes punishable by more than one year in prison as felonies. The state has five classes of felonies with Class A ones being the most serious crimes.
- Class A felonies are punished by a maximum of 30 years in prison and a minimum term of 10 years. Examples include murder, first-degree robbery, first-degree kidnapping, and forcible rape of a child under 12 years of age
- Class B felonies are punishable by 5 - 15 years in prison. First-degree burglary and voluntary manslaughter are examples of felonies in this class
- Class C felonies are punished by 3 - 10 years in prison. Missouri courts may also fine offenders up to $10,000 or twice the amount of financial gain arising from their crimes. Theft, possession of controlled substances, second-degree statutory rape, and first-degree involuntary manslaughter are Class C felonies
- Class D felonies are punished by up to 7 years in prison. The court can also fine offenders up to $10,000 or twice the amount of financial gain from their crimes. Fraud, writing a bad check, resisting arrest, and third-degree domestic assault are Class D felonies
- Class E felonies are punishable by up to 4 years in prison. They may also attract up to $10,000 in fines twice the amount of financial gain to offenders. Examples include boating while intoxicated leading to third-party injury
How to Obtain Missouri Parole Information
The Missouri Department of Corrections also maintains probation and parole records for inmates released from state-run prisons. To obtain parole and probation information, contact the Parole Board by calling (573) 751-8488 or sending an email to email@example.com. When making an inquiry, provide the following information about the offender:
- Full name
- Inmate number
- Social security number and date of birth
What are Probation Records in Missouri?
Missouri probation records are official documents providing details of court-ordered supervised releases of individuals awarded suspended sentences. Convicted individuals on probation serve their terms outside prisons and jails. Besides providing the name and other identifying details of the individual on probation, a complete probation record must also state the convict’s crime and court judgment as well as the length and terms of the probation. Inmates that receive probation must report to a probation officer and ensure they follow the rules to avoid a probation violation. Missouri’s probation office is the Board of Probation and Parole of the Department of Corrections.
What are Juvenile Criminal Records?
Juvenile criminal records are court documents that provide details of the criminal activities of juveniles (persons under 18 years of age). In Missouri, juveniles are not tried as adults but go to juvenile court. The Missouri Juvenile Code regards juveniles guilty of crimes as adjudicated delinquents rather than convicts and sends them to a juvenile detention center - instead of a prison. Juvenile criminal records are not open to the public except for court hearings and proceedings in cases where the juvenile is adjudicated guilty of a Class A felony, capital murder, first-degree murder, or second-degree murder. Similarly, arrest records for juveniles taken into custody for offenses considered felonies if committed by adults are not automatically sealed. The public can access fingerprints and mugshots of offending juveniles in such cases within 30 days of creating such records.
What are Missouri Conviction Records?
Missouri conviction records include detailed information about indictments, pleas, hearings, and sentencing of individuals found guilty by criminal courts in the start. These official court documents are prepared following the conclusion of trials involving infractions, misdemeanors, or felony charges. Juries render convictions in Missouri. In non-jury trials, convictions are rendered by judges. In both cases, conviction records include final judgments stating whether convicted individuals were sentenced to prison/jail, placed on probation, fined, or paroled. A conviction record may be missing the final judgment if such judgment was reversed or set aside by law or the convict pardon.
History and Accuracy of Missouri Criminal Records
The accuracy of Missouri criminal records depends on when and how they were collected. Records prepared before electronic systems were in place tend to be less accurate. This is due to human error while entering those records and the fragility of paper records. Some Missouri law enforcement agencies, courts, and detention facilities have digitized some of their old paper records. However, some archived records are still on paper or not retrievable.