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What is a Missouri Criminal Record?

Missouri criminal records are official documents providing details of the criminal activities of arrested and/or convicted individuals within the state. Besides arrest and conviction information, these records provide details of pleas, dispositions, and sentences. Missouri criminal records are prepared by various state and local law enforcement agencies, courts, and detention facilities. 

 

What is Contained in a Missouri Criminal Record?

A Missouri criminal record must provide the following information:

  • Name of the subject including known aliases
  • Other personal information such as date of birth, sex, and race
  • Subject’s mugshot and fingerprints on file
  • Current and previous indictments
  • Arrest records including outstanding warrants
  • Conviction records

What are Arrest Records?

Missouri arrest records describe the apprehension and detention of individuals wanted in connection with ongoing investigations and crimes. These official documents are available from law enforcement agencies in the state. While arrest records indicate that apprehended individuals are taken into custody, they do not indicate that these individuals are guilty of crimes of which they were arrested. Similarly, an arrest record is not proof of indictment. An individual’s arrest record will be included in their criminal record when indicted in a court of law. Lastly, an arrest record is different from a detention or inmate record. Law enforcement officers may arrest persons of interest to bring them in for questioning rather than detain them.

 

A Missouri arrest record provides the following information:

  • Alleged crime committed by the arrestee or reason for the arrest
  • Arrestee’s identifying data including name, gender, and birth date
  • Where and when the arrest took place
  • Name of the arresting officer
  • Jail where the arrestee was held
  • Name of the issuer of the warrant authorizing the arrest

What is an Arrest Warrant?

Arrest warrants are court orders providing law enforcement officers with the legal authority to make arrests. When seeking such warrants, police officers, sheriff’s deputies, and district attorneys must approach judges and magistrates and show probable cause. A Missouri arrest warrant carries the signature of the judge or magistrate authorizing it. Court officials may also issue search warrants authorizing law enforcement officers to search and/or seize private property.

 

In Missouri, an arrest warrant contains the following information:

  • Full name of the subject of the warrant
  • Alleged criminal offense committed by this individual or probable cause for the arrest
  • Date and location where the arrest may occur
  • An expiry date that determines the validity of the warrant
  • Name and signature of the judge authorizing the warrant
  • Date of issue

Missouri law enforcement officers may make arrests without warrants only when they witnessed the crimes informing such arrests or have clear probable cause for doing so.

What are Missouri Misdemeanors?

In Missouri, misdemeanors are less serious crimes than felonies. They usually involve less serious injuries, property of lower value, and/or smaller amount of drugs. There are three misdemeanor classes in Missouri. Class A misdemeanors are the most serious while Class C ones are the least serious.

  • Class A misdemeanors are punishable by up to one year in year, up to $2,000 in fines, or both. Examples of misdemeanors in this class are third-degree domestic assault, shoplifting items valued below $500, and possession of up to 35 grams of marijuana
  • Class B misdemeanors are punished by up to 6 months in jail and/or $1,000 in fines. First-degree trespassing and driving while intoxicated are examples of misdemeanors in this class
  • Class C misdemeanors are punished by up to 15 days in jail and up to $750 in fines. Illegal gambling, library theft of items valued below $500, and third-degree sexual misconducts are misdemeanors in this category

What are Missouri Felonies?

Missouri classifies crimes punishable by more than one year in prison as felonies. The state has five classes of felonies with Class A ones being the most serious crimes.

  • Class A felonies are punished by a maximum of 30 years in prison and a minimum term of 10 years. Examples include murder, first-degree robbery, first-degree kidnapping, and forcible rape of a child under 12 years of age
  • Class B felonies are punishable by 5 - 15 years in prison. First-degree burglary and voluntary manslaughter are examples of felonies in this class
  • Class C felonies are punished by 3 - 10 years in prison. Missouri courts may also fine offenders up to $10,000 or twice the amount of financial gain arising from their crimes. Theft, possession of controlled substances, second-degree statutory rape, and first-degree involuntary manslaughter are Class C felonies
  • Class D felonies are punished by up to 7 years in prison. The court can also fine offenders up to $10,000 or twice the amount of financial gain from their crimes. Fraud, writing a bad check, resisting arrest, and third-degree domestic assault are Class D felonies
  • Class E felonies are punishable by up to 4 years in prison. They may also attract up to $10,000 in fines twice the amount of financial gain to offenders. Examples include boating while intoxicated leading to third-party injury

Missouri Sex Offender Listings

Missouri sex offender listings are databases containing the names of registered sex offenders living in the state as well as details of the offenses. While local law enforcement agencies register sex offenders living in the various counties, cities, and towns of Missouri, the State Highway Patrol maintains the central database of registered sex offenders. Missouri law mandates the State Highway Patrol to make this listing available online to the public. Visit the Missouri Sex Offender Registry to search for registered sex offenders living, working, and attending school in the state. For more information about an offender listed in the registry, contact the Sheriff’s Office of the county where the offender resides.

Missouri Megan’s Law

Like other states in the US, Missouri has its own version of the Megan’s Law. The Megan’s Law is a landmark legislation that transformed the way states handle and provide sex offender information. Missouri’s version of the Megan’s Law requires offenders to register upon release from jail as well as within three days of moving into the state and changing addresses. The law also mandates them to re-register every 6 months.

What is a Serious Traffic Violation in Missouri?

Serious traffic violations in the state of Missouri include driving on a suspended license, felony involving a motor vehicle, driving while intoxicated (DWI), speeding, negligent driving, tailgating, running a red light, and not carrying adequate auto insurance. The state uses a point system to put traffic violations on drivers’ records. The Missouri Department of Revenue awards these points and can suspend offenders’ licenses. The highest point awarded for traffic violations in Missouri is 12. This is reserved for very serious offenses like DWI resulting in fatality or assault, felony/murder/negligent homicide involving a vehicle, aggravated endangerment of highway workers and emergency responders, and driving with a suspended license.

What are Conviction Records in Missouri?

Missouri conviction records include detailed information about indictments, pleas, hearings, and sentencing of individuals found guilty by criminal courts in the start. These official court documents are prepared following the conclusion of trials involving infraction, misdemeanor, or felony charges. Juries render convictions in Missouri. In non-jury trials, convictions are rendered by judges. In both cases, conviction records include final judgements stating whether convicted individuals were sentenced to prison/jail, placed on probation, fined, or paroled. A conviction record may be missing the final judgement if such judgement was reversed or set aside by law or the convict pardon.

What are Jail and Inmate Records?

Missouri jail and inmate records provide incarceration information for individuals serving time in prison and jail. Jail records are official documents describing aspects of the operations of detention and correctional facilities. Inmate records provide details of individuals held in these facilities and including identifying information.

The Missouri Department of Corrections (MODOC) runs state-operated prisons as well as oversees the operations of community supervision and community release centers. It is also responsible for probation and parole programs. To find inmate records, use the Offender Search tool provided on the MODOC website. For additional information and jail records, contact the Department’s Constituent Services Office by sending an email to constituentservices@doc.mo.gov.

Missouri does not release inmate’s health care information to the public. Those looking for health and mental health records as well as sex offender treatment information for specific inmates must provide notarized and completed Release of Information forms signed by the offenders. Send the form along with enquiry about medical records to:

Missouri Department of Corrections Medical Services Section
Division of Offender Rehabilitative Services
P.O. Box 236
Jefferson City, MO 65102

Where to get Parole Information

The Missouri Department of Corrections also maintains probation and parole records for inmates released from state-run prisons. To obtain parole and probation information, contact the Board of Probation and Parole by calling (573) 751-8488 or sending an email to probation.parole@doc.mo.gov. When making enquiry, provide the following information about the offender:

  • Full name
  • Inmate number
  • Social security number and date of birth

What are Probation Records in Missouri?

Missouri probation records are official documents providing details of court-ordered supervised releases of individuals awarded suspended sentences. Convicted individuals on probation serve their terms outside prisons and jails. Besides providing the name and other identifying details of the individual on probation, a complete probation record must also state the convict’s crime and court judgement as well as the length and terms of the probation. Missouri probation records are available from the Board of Probation and Parole of the Department of Corrections.

What are Juvenile Criminal Records?

Juvenile criminal records are court documents that provide details of criminal activities of juveniles (persons under 18 years of age). In Missouri, juveniles are not tried as adults. The Missouri Juvenile Code regards juveniles guilty of crimes as adjudicated delinquents rather than convicts. Juvenile criminal records are not open to the public except for court hearings and proceedings in cases where the juvenile is adjudicated guilty of a Class A felony, capital murder, first degree murder or second degree murder. Similar, arrest records for juveniles taken into custody for offenses considered felonies if committed by adults are not automatically sealed. The public can access fingerprints and mugshots of offending juveniles in such cases within 30 days of creating such records.

Missouri History and Accuracy of Criminal Records

The accuracy of Missouri criminal records depends on when and how they were collected. Records prepared before electronic systems were in place tend to be less accurate. This is due to human error while entering those records and fragility of paper records. Some Missouri law enforcement agencies, courts, and detention facilities have digitized some of their old paper records. However, some archived records are still on paper or not retrievable. This disparity in the availability and accuracy of archival and recent criminal records is responsible for the variation in the amount of Missouri records accessible at StateRecords.org.

How to Find Criminal Records in Missouri

State and local law enforcement agencies maintain criminal records in Missouri. The Missouri State Highway Patrol allows the public to request criminal history reports for nominal fees. This agency provides statewide criminal histories and can also process FBI federal criminal history requests. Local law enforcement agencies like city police departments and county sheriff’s offices may also provide limited criminal records. These include incident and accident reports for events that occurred within their jurisdictions.

For criminal court records, check the Missouri Courts Casenet portal. It is also possible to find criminal court records by visiting Missouri courts where the cases in question were heard. Court clerks also have provisions for providing copies of criminal case documents upon request.

Missouri State Archives

State Archives

Contact: (816) 466-5431

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Criminal Record

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